DBQ Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in
Doc 1 The resources that
document would help support the geographical/resource paragraph for the essay question
Doc 2 factory workers were available because of the high wages being offered by the factories; therefore, people left their jobs to pursue factory jobs.
This document supports the geographical/resource paragraph for the essay factories needed a large, mobile population to work in the factories.
Doc 3 According to Smith, workers in factories were so productive because they only performed a few operations; if a person had to complete more than just a few operations, the time involved in completing tasks would increase.
This document supports an innovation paragraph because the idea of the assembly line was first used in the textile mills to increase production. This document could also be used to support the resource paragraph because if there were not so many people available to work in the factories, then there would not be enough people to man the assembly line.
Doc 4 Geography helped
This document aids the resource/geography paragraph as it discusses the coal, iron and wool resources proximity to ports and rivers. These waterways cut down on shipping time and cost, as land shipping is usually more costly due to the length of time it takes. Because thee resources are close together, they can also be easily experimented with, due to the lower shipping costs.
Doc 5 Innovation led to the Industrial Revolution starting
This document would support an innovation/scientific paragraph as it focuses on how English thinkers are able to work on their inventions.
Doc 6 A student could choose any of these three inventions, he/she just has to explain his/her answer.
o Flying shuttle increases the speed of weaving which then leads to more cloth being produced
o Spinning jenny more threads can be produced which means that those can then be woven into cloth much faster; because it can be used at home, cottage industries (industries started in homes in addition to regular jobs for additional pay; contract work by merchants) spring up
o Water frame uses water to more consistently power a spinning machine; can cut down on the amount of time needed for thread to be spun via manpower; also cuts down on amount of cost because less people are needed to spin thread
o Power loom water powered means less human power and cost needed, weaves thread into cloth allows for less human intervention and cost; will also produce faster results because water-power is usually more powerful and faster than human power.
gin American invention in the early 1800s which drives down the amount of
time needed to harvest cotton, separates the seeds from the cotton,
reintroduces need for slavery in
can be used in an innovation paragraph as it focuses on what inventions
produced which results. It could also be
used to support a resource paragraph as it infers that with these inventions,
less people were needed to work, so more people were available to work in
factories. It could also be used to
support a factory paragraph as it describes the inventions that created the
first textile mills, the first industry in
Doc 7 The result of these changes in agriculture in
o Stock breeding improved the quality and amount of meat, milk and wool; resources needed to feed and cloth a growing and industrial nation.
o Horse-drawn seed drill planted seeds in straight rows which meant that fewer people were needed to plant crops and that mechanical reapers could then harvest the crops easier.
This document could support an innovation paragraph due to the improvements in agriculture which are able to support a growing number of city dwellers due to increased harvests. It could also support a resource paragraph as it infers that less people are needed on farms to plant and harvest crops; therefore, people are available to work in factories.
Doc 8 These four changes enabled England to industrialize more easily because enclosures allowed large farms to operate without the interference of peasant needs, four year rotation of crops allowed each part of the land to be utilized every year in a different way, new crops provided cheap sources of food for both humans and animals, the country being divided into large farms allowed the land to be used more effectively and efficiently, thus driving up the production of food, yet lowering the cost of that same food.
This document would support a resource paragraph as it describes how farms create more food and infers that more people are available for other jobs. It could also support a political paragraph as it states that Parliament id not interfere with the consolidation of land into large farms.
Doc 9 Two reasons cited by Knowles to explain
document would support a political paragraph as it states that
Remember these support paragraphs are only suggestive; there could be other variations of support which have not yet occurred to the author and which you may want to inform your colleagues of.