Russian Revolution Web Quest
The Russian Revolution was a horrible revolution for the people of Russia.
There were many events that occurred in the Russian Revolution. For example,
Bloody Sunday. On January 1905 Czarist troops fired on innocent workers in
Petersburg. Another important event in the revolution was on the eve of a
meeting in Russia. This event led to the gaining of Moscow by the Bolsheviks
November 2, 1917. All these events and more occurred in the Russian
My subject on this Web Quest is regarding Joseph Vissarionovich Djugashvili
who is also known as the famous Joseph Stalin. Joseph Stalin was born in
Georgia on December 9, 1879. Stalin was a powerful leader and a successor of
Go to the internet, type in
1) How was Stalin able to secure his hold on Power in the Soviet Union
Stalin had established his leadership by 1928 or maybe 1930 at the latest.
The role of propaganda is vital. The Russian people were not told the truth;
they were told what Stalin wanted them to hear. The role of terror was the
secret police and then the purges. Stalin removed any possible opposition to
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2) Who did Stalins Purges affect?
The Purges affected everyone. It got worse and worse every time Stalin got
more and more paranoid. People who were involved in the Kirov conspiracy
were restricted from the purges. He then looked to put his purges on his
army and nacy, then to technical experts and industrial leaders. The purges
soon reached the citizens and anyone even close to be suspected of
disloyalty to Stalin, was sent to a labor camp or was shot. By 1939, about 3
million were dead and 9 million others were in prison.
Go to the internet and type, http://www.stel.ru/stalin/
3) What are the reasons for and against Stalin being the leader of the
Soviet Union and reasons for and against Trotsky being the leader?
Reasons for and against Stalin to be the leader of the Soviet Union would be
1. Lenin said he was rude and too ambitious
2. He was ruthless and power hungry
3. He was an excellent administrator
4. He had stayed in the background, but had made himself extremely powerful
in the party
5. He was very crafty (could be bad or good)
6. He had the best interests of the USSR in mind
7. He didnt care about people at all
Reasons for and against Trotsky being the leader of the Soviet Union is the
1. He was already a hero from the revolution and civil war
2. He had commanded the Red Army so was used to leadership
3. He was seen as arrogant
4. He had been a member of the Mensheviks so wasnt accepted by many
5. He was very clever and people found it difficult to get on with him
6. Often, he seemed disinterested in the whole idea of being leader
Go to the internet and type, http://www.gendercide.org/case_stalin.html
4) What positive things did Stalin do during his leadership? Why did the
Russian people still love him after everything he did?
Stalin improved the Russian economy because of his Five Year Plans. There
were all sorts of problems that came with the Five Year Plan, but made good
industrial growth. Within ten year, Russia almost doubled there industrial
growth (although at a cost to her people).
Most people had to love him. Nobody dared to hate him or be against him
especially at the time of the purges. However, his propaganda was very
effective and many people believed it and thought he was wonderful.
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5) Explain why Stalin and not Trotsky became Lenins successor?
Even before Lenins death, Stalin made himself very powerful in the party.
He worked in the background and often wasnt noticed. He was known by some
as the grey blur. He wasnt really a likely successor to Lenin. He used
Lenins death to push himself forward as Lenins right hand man (which was
not true), but by doing this he made his ideas seem like Lenins ideas.
Stalin was a very skilful politician and used his rivals to not lose his
position. Stalin used this to squeeze out his rivals saying that they were
trying to divide the party. Trotsky seemed a good candidate for the
leadership as he was already a hero from the revolution and civil war, but
many people felt Trotsky was too cocky and unapproachable. He didnt have
very much support in the Politburo. Trotskys campaign for the leadership
wasnt well planned and he often gave up. For example, he missed Lenins
funeral. By 1930, Stalin was in complete control.
Go to the internet and type, http://www.plp.org/books/Stalin/node82.html
6) What was Stalins attitude to education and religion?
Religion was banned once the Bolsheviks gained power in Russia. Communism
has no religion so churches were banned, their lands were seized and many of
the priests were put into prison camps.
Education in Russia was very bad when the Tsars were in Russia. After the
revolution improved, but was relaxed and not organized. Stalin thought
education was good, but not for his sake because of political matters. But
schools were made anyway. Children wore uniform, had homework, exams and
strict discipline. History, which had been banned after the revolution as
irrelevant, was brought back. It was hoped that by learning a carefully
edited version of their own history, children would learn to be patriotic.
There was only one history book from which all children learned.
Go to the internet and type, http://www.osa.ceu.hu/archives/rip/forced/
7) What was it like in a Russian slave labor camp?
Conditions in the slave labor camps or Gulags were disgusting. Many of the
camps were in the colder areas of Russia like Siberia. The people had
horrible clothes, very bad food and had to work extremely hard no matter
their condition. Many died of exhaustion.