M.K.

            04/01/04

            Russian Revolution Web Quest

           

                    The Russian Revolution was a horrible revolution for the people of Russia.

            There were many events that occurred in the Russian Revolution. For example,

            Bloody Sunday. On January 1905 Czarist troops fired on innocent workers in

            St.

            Petersburg. Another important event in the revolution was on the eve of a

            meeting in Russia. This event led to the gaining of Moscow by the Bolsheviks

            on

            November 2, 1917. All these events and more occurred in the Russian

            Revolution.

           

                    My subject on this Web Quest is regarding Joseph Vissarionovich Djugashvili

            who is also known as the famous Joseph Stalin. Joseph Stalin was born in

            Gori,

            Georgia on December 9, 1879. Stalin was a powerful leader and a successor of

            Lenin.

           

             Go to the internet, type in

            http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/history/A0857495.html

            1) How was Stalin able to secure his hold on Power in the Soviet Union

            1928-1941?

           

            Stalin had established his leadership by 1928 or maybe 1930 at the latest.

            The role of propaganda is vital. The Russian people were not told the truth;

            they were told what Stalin wanted them to hear. The role of terror was the

            secret police and then the purges. Stalin removed any possible opposition to

            his position.

           

                   Go to the internet and type,

                    http://www.gendercide.org/case_stalin.html

           

            2) Who did Stalins Purges affect?

           

            The Purges affected everyone. It got worse and worse every time Stalin got

            more and more paranoid. People who were involved in the Kirov conspiracy

            were restricted from the purges. He then looked to put his purges on his

            army and nacy, then to technical experts and industrial leaders. The purges

            soon reached the citizens and anyone even close to be suspected of

            disloyalty to Stalin, was sent to a labor camp or was shot. By 1939, about 3

            million were dead and 9 million others were in prison.

           

           

                   Go to the internet and type, http://www.stel.ru/stalin/

           

            3) What are the reasons for and against Stalin being the leader of the

            Soviet Union and reasons for and against Trotsky being the leader?

           

            Reasons for and against Stalin to be the leader of the Soviet Union would be

            the following:

           

            1.      Lenin said he was rude and too ambitious

            2.      He was ruthless and power hungry

            3.      He was an excellent administrator

            4.      He had stayed in the background, but had made himself extremely powerful

            in the party

            5.      He was very crafty (could be bad or good)

            6.      He had the best interests of the USSR in mind

            7.      He didnt care about people at all

           

            Reasons for and against Trotsky being the leader of the Soviet Union is the

            following:

           

            1.      He was already a hero from the revolution and civil war

            2.      He had commanded the Red Army so was used to leadership

            3.      He was seen as arrogant

            4.      He had been a member of the Mensheviks so wasnt accepted by many

            Bolsheviks

            5.      He was very clever and people found it difficult to get on with him

            6.      Often, he seemed disinterested in the whole idea of being leader

           

                   Go to the internet and type, http://www.gendercide.org/case_stalin.html

           

            4) What positive things did Stalin do during his leadership? Why did the

            Russian people still love him after everything he did?

           

            Stalin improved the Russian economy because of his Five Year Plans. There

            were all sorts of problems that came with the Five Year Plan, but made good

            industrial growth. Within ten year, Russia almost doubled there industrial

            growth (although at a cost to her people).

           

            Most people had to love him. Nobody dared to hate him or be against him

            especially at the time of the purges. However, his propaganda was very

            effective and many people believed it and thought he was wonderful.

           

                   Go to the internet and type,

            http://www.factmonstor.com/ce6/history/A0857495.html

           

            5) Explain why Stalin and not Trotsky became Lenins successor?

           

            Even before Lenins death, Stalin made himself very powerful in the party.

            He worked in the background and often wasnt noticed. He was known by some

            as the grey blur. He wasnt really a likely successor to Lenin. He used

            Lenins death to push himself forward as Lenins right hand man (which was

            not true), but by doing this he made his ideas seem like Lenins ideas.

            Stalin was a very skilful politician and used his rivals to not lose his

            position. Stalin used this to squeeze out his rivals saying that they were

            trying to divide the party. Trotsky seemed a good candidate for the

            leadership as he was already a hero from the revolution and civil war, but

            many people felt Trotsky was too cocky and unapproachable. He didnt have

            very much support in the Politburo. Trotskys campaign for the leadership

            wasnt well planned and he often gave up. For example, he missed Lenins

            funeral. By 1930, Stalin was in complete control.

           

                   Go to the internet and type, http://www.plp.org/books/Stalin/node82.html

           

            6) What was Stalins attitude to education and religion?

           

            Religion was banned once the Bolsheviks gained power in Russia. Communism

            has no religion so churches were banned, their lands were seized and many of

            the priests were put into prison camps.

           

            Education in Russia was very bad when the Tsars were in Russia. After the

            revolution improved, but was relaxed and not organized. Stalin thought

            education was good, but not for his sake because of political matters. But

            schools were made anyway. Children wore uniform, had homework, exams and

            strict discipline. History, which had been banned after the revolution as

            irrelevant, was brought back. It was hoped that by learning a carefully

            edited version of their own history, children would learn to be patriotic.

            There was only one history book from which all children learned.

           

                   Go to the internet and type, http://www.osa.ceu.hu/archives/rip/forced/

           

            7) What was it like in a Russian slave labor camp?

           

            Conditions in the slave labor camps or Gulags were disgusting. Many of the

            camps were in the colder areas of Russia like Siberia. The people had

            horrible clothes, very bad food and had to work extremely hard no matter

            their condition. Many died of exhaustion.