Document A – Africans think that working for a master and paying for the ability to work is a joke, but with all of the Afrikaners owning the land and saying the same thing, it becomes reality. After several Africans lose their cattle to disease and as punishment for trespassing and other infractions, they end up with nothing and have to work for a master. This particular African ended up working for a miner.
Document D – Hendrik Verwoerd explains that Apartheid is a policy to separate the blacks from the whites so that violence will not result. He believes that when whites and blacks mingle, because their views are opposing, they will be in conflict.
Document I – Nelson Mandela speaks
at his trial and discusses his evolution from being a leader in the nonviolent
ANC to being one of the violent Umkhonto.
The ANC was a group dedicated to nonviolent protest against Apartheid,
and used leaflet campaigns and strikes to accomplish this. Essentially, the government responded to
nonviolent protests with violence, and more restrictions were being enacted;
so, Umkhonto was born to react to that situation. Hopefully, violence would make people realize
that Apartheid was wrong. However,
Mandela did not work with any outside influences, such as the Communists, to
foment revolts. He states that he agrees
with several of the Communist ideals, but is not one and cannot be accused of
that crime, but if the opportunity came up that the Communists would help
Document O – Afrikaners are afraid of the changes occurring
after Apartheid ends. They have to be careful of any possible connection to
Apartheid connections, no matter how innocent, such as wearing khaki shorts
which were a symbol of the Afrikaner conservatives. Christoff Heyns, one such Afrikaner, wonders
whether the government will be able to keep equality and prevent any revenge
violence. Many Afrikaners feel as though
they do not fit in the post-Apartheid
Cry Freedom – movie about Stephen Biko & Donald Woods
Attenborough, Richard (Director & Producer). Cry Freedom. Universal Studios, 1987.